I2C and SPI interfaces

SPI

Official instructions

http://www.raspberrypi.org/documentation/hardware/raspberrypi/spi/README.md

This seems to work ok now but if you have problems have a look at this thread

http://www.raspberrypi.org/forums/viewtopic.php?f=28&t=97314&sid=863f988277798afff9076f1a7b7f7822

Basic setup for MAX7219

  1. For 8×8 display Connect hardware as per info in README file
  2. Make sure SPI is enabled – from Raspi-config tool
  3. Make are Python dev and pip are installed
sudo apt-get install python-dev python-pip
  1. Install SPIdev
sudo pip install spidev
  1. Download the library from github
git clone https://github.com/rm-hull/max7219.git
  1. Install it, make sure you are in the same max7219 directory when you do this
sudo python setup.py install
  1. Probably best to restart everything for good measure
  2. Check the test application works ok – does not need sudo with Jesse
sudo python max7219/examples/test.py
  1. I found the test prog ran too quickly to really see, so changed a number of the timings

 

basic setup for DS18B20 temp sensors

  • sudo modprobe w1gpio
  • sudo modprobe w1therm

if these modprobe does not work try this

sudo nano /etc/modules

and manually add the following 2 lines, but to confuse things with a Pi 2 you don’t need these ….

w1-gpio
w1-therm

you might also need

# device tree config
dtoverlay=w1-gpio,gpiopin=4

I have also found with  A+ pi’s and NOOBS 1.4, SPI to work only by disabling device tree – make sure you have the following line in /boot/config.txt [ to edit sudo nano /boot/config.txt]. That said the Pi 2 would only work without disabling device tree ……

device_tree=

while you are in config.txt check the following line is there

dtparam=spi=on

To check it actually working try

 

  • cd /sys/bus/w1/devices
  • ls
  • cd 28xxxx (change this to match what serial number pops up)
  • cat w1_slave

Ref the following page for source info on this

 https://learn.adafruit.com/adafruits-raspberry-pi-lesson-11-ds18b20-temperature-sensing/ds18b20

i2c

There is a good set of instructions on the Adfruit website

https://learn.adafruit.com/adafruits-raspberry-pi-lesson-4-gpio-setup/configuring-i2c

Also with newer kernel you should just have to select I2C using the configuration tool

alternatively to do it manually …. – this is also a good way to check all it well

To set-up an Rpi to use it’s i2c port you first need to complete the following set-up actions The first thing is to edit the modules file using :

sudo nano /etc/modules

and add the following two lines :

i2c-bcm2708
i2c-dev

Save the file and exit

Lastly you need to edit the modules blacklist file –

[late 2015 update – you do not seem to have to do this now]

sudo nano /etc/modprobe.d/raspi-blacklist.conf

and put a # symbol at the beginning of the two lines so that they look like this :

#blacklist spi-bcm2708
#blacklist i2c-bcm2708

Save the file and exit, then re-boot

There are a number of test commands which are useful for basic testing, to install these

sudo apt-get install python-smbus i2c-tools

Basic tool commands

i2cdetect i2cbus  # probs the i2c bus to see what is connected
                  # for a device set to add 00 you find is
                  # connected at address 20hex
i2cset  i2cbus chip-address data-address value
                  # write value to to data address  
i2cdump i2cbus address    # read all device registers

i2cbus,   depends on what sort of Rpi board you have – 0 for a rev 1, 1 for rev 2
chip-address,  hardware address of connected i2c device – 20h by default
data-address,  internal i2c device register to be addressed [0-7fh]
value,  the value [0-ffh] you want to place in the register pointed to by data-address

Use sudo i2cdetect -y 0 at the command line for a quick check to see if the bus is working. You should see ID #68 show up – that’s the address of the DS1307! If you have a rev 2 Pi, you will have to run sudo i2cdetect -y 1 as the I2C bus address changed from 0 to 1

 

examples for MCP23017

i2cset 0 0x20 0x00 0x00  # setup portA as all outs on a rev1 rpi

i2cset 0 0x20 0x14 0x55  # write 55h to portA on rev 1 rpi

MCP23017 register listing

MCP23017_regs

http://www.lm-sensors.org/wiki/man/i2cdetect
http://www.lm-sensors.org/wiki/man/i2cset
http://www.lm-sensors.org/wiki/man/i2cdump

DS1307 setup

look at Adafruit examples- make sure you read them carefully as there are some typo corrections in the text

https://learn.adafruit.com/adding-a-real-time-clock-to-raspberry-pi/wiring-the-rtc


AD/DA PCF8591 Converter setup

based on info from

https://pihw.wordpress.com/2013/04/08/three-fun-things-to-try-with-your-raspberry-pi-off-the-shelf/

The  batch file example does not seem to work but this did

 

#!/bin/bash
echo "PCF8591P ADC and DAC Test Program"
echo "================================="
echo "Simple test program to demo the PCF8591P"
echo "Connected to I2C bus"

i2c_chan=1
i2c_adc=0x48
adc_channel=1

i2cset -y $i2c_chan $i2c_adc $adc_channel
while true
 do
 i2cget -y $i2c_chan $i2c_adc
 sleep 1
 done
#End

 

Remember you will need to do a modprobe -x to make is executable

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